Incoterms include FOB (Free On Board), CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight), and EXW (Ex Works), each indicating specific points in the shipping process where responsibility shifts between the buyer and the seller.

FOB stands for Free On Board. It indicates that the seller is responsible for the goods until they are loaded onto the vessel at the specified port. After that point, the buyer assumes responsibility.

While both FCA (Free Carrier) and FOB involve the seller being responsible for the goods until a specific point, FCA can be used for any mode of transportation, whereas FOB is typically used for sea and inland waterway transport.

In CIF (Cost, Insurance, and Freight) terms, the seller is responsible for covering the cost of insurance to transport the goods to the named destination port. The buyer takes over responsibility upon arrival at the port.

EXW stands for Ex Works. In this term, the seller's responsibility ends when the goods are made available for pickup at their premises or another named place (factory, warehouse, etc.). The buyer bears all subsequent costs and risks.

Incoterms are not automatically legally binding. However, they are widely accepted and used as a standard in international trade contracts. To be legally binding, they must be explicitly referenced and agreed upon by both parties in the sales contract.

No, Incoterms do not include payment terms. They focus on the logistical aspects of a transaction, defining the responsibilities for shipping, delivery, and risk transfer. Payment terms are usually addressed separately in the sales contract.

Yes, parties can modify or customize Incoterms to suit their specific needs. However, any modifications should be clearly stated in the sales contract to avoid misunderstandings.

Incoterms are versatile and applicable to various types of goods. However, the suitability depends on the nature of the goods, the mode of transportation, and the preferences of the parties involved.

As of my last update in January 2022, the latest version of Incoterms is Incoterms 2020. It is advisable to check for any updates or revisions from the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

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